A building or edifice is a structure with a roof and walls standing more or less permanently in one place, such as a house or factory. Buildings come in a variety of sizes, shapes and functions, and have been adapted throughout history for a wide number of factors. Buildings serve several needs of society – primarily as shelter from weather, security, living space, privacy, to store belongings, and to comfortably live and work. A building as a shelter represents a physical division of the human habitat (a place of comfort and safety) and the outside (a place that at times may be harsh and harmful). Below are the most famous residential buildings in the world :
1. 432 Park Avenue, New York City
432 Park Avenue is a supertall residential project with 104 condominium apartments developed by CIM Group in midtown Manhattan, New York City. At a height of 425.5 m, 432 Park Avenue is the third tallest building in the United States and the tallest residential building in the world. It is the second tallest building in New York City, behind One World Trade Center and ahead of the Empire State Building. When measured by roof height however, 432 Park Avenue is the tallest building in New York City.
Designed by Rafael Viñoly around what is described as “the purest geometric form: the square”. The tower is designed to have eighty-four 3,969-square-foot stories, each with six 100-square-foot windows per face. Interiors are designed by Deborah Burke and the firm Bentel & Bentel. The tower’s condominium units feature high ceilings and will range from a 351-square-foot studio to a six-bedroom, seven-bath penthouse with a library. The building’s amenities will include 12-foot golf training facilities and private dining and screening rooms.
2. Princess Tower, Dubai
The Princess Tower is a 101 story, 414 m tall residential only skyscraper located in the Marina district of Dubai, UAE. Princess Tower is currently the world’s second tallest residential only building. It is also the second tallest building in Dubai after the Burj Khalifa.
The tower’s engineering was performed by Syed Majid Hashmi as the Chief Structural Engineer and his deputy manager Mohammad Ali Alogaily. The building comprises 763 units, 957 underground parking bays (spread over six floors) and eight retail outlets.The building was completed and delivered by its developer, Tameer Holdings, in September 2012.
3. The Marina Torch, Dubai
The Marina Torch, also known as Dubai Torch, Dubai Torch Tower or just The Torch. It is a supertall residential skyscraper at the Dubai Marina, in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The tower was designed by National Engineering Bureau. The tower became the tallest residential building in the world in 2011, then lost the record in 2012 to 23 Marina and subsequent Princess Tower directly across the street. It is 336.1 m tall with 79 floors above ground. It was damaged by fire on February 21, 2015.
It was to have 504 apartments ranging from one to three bedrooms and four duplex apartment suites. The three basement floors and part of the podium were to hold car parking for 536 vehicles, while floors five and six were to contain a swimming pool, health club, gymnasium, cafeteria, aerobic rooms and sit-out cover seal terraces.
4. Q1 (Queensland Number One), Queensland
Q1 (Queensland Number One) is a skyscraper in Surfers Paradise, on the Gold Coast, Queensland. It lost its title as the world’s tallest residential tower to the 348-metre building The Marina Torch in Dubai on 29 April 2011. As of May 2012, it is the sixth-tallest such building. Q1 is the tallest building in Australia and the Southern Hemisphere.
Q1 Tower was designed by SDG & The Buchan Group and its form was inspired by the Sydney 2000 Olympic torch and the Sydney Opera House. The name was given in honour of members of Australia’s Olympic sculling team of the 1920s – Q1. Q1 contains one, two and three bedroom apartments. Building facilities include two lagoon swimming pools, a lap pool, gymnasium, small theatre, a ballroom and a spa centre. Its main point of difference to other high-rise in Surfers Paradise is its glass enclosed sleek look.
5. Ocean Heights, Dubai
Ocean Heights is a supertall residential skyscraper in Dubai Marina, Dubai, UAE. The tower stands 310 m tall with 83 floors. The tower is designed by Andrew Bromberg of Aedas. The building was topped-out on 22 December 2009 and completed in 2010. Currently Ocean Heights is the fifth tallest residential building in the world and fourth tallest residential building in Dubai, behind The Marina Torch and HHHR Tower.
The tower with its unique curves and twisting motion as one ascends, is actually the third version of the tower proposed by DAMAC Properties Co. The first version had the tower at a much shorter 38 floors, the second had 50. The 83 floor tower houses more than 519 condominiums and is located along Al Sufouh Road in Dubai Marina.